for UI. I filed to certify online on 12/13//2013. What is the next step? Thank you. Sheila A) According to the Federal Department of Labor website you can expect your first unemployment check two or three weeks after you apply so long as you have submitted all of the required information. For some states there is usually a waiting period of one week between the time you become unemployed and when you are eligible for benefits. This means you won’t receive an unemployment check during the first week you are out of work.You can also call or visit your local unemployment office and speak with a counselor regarding how long it will take to get your application approved. Once approved you will get a notification in the mail with instructions on how to certify during the weeks you are out of work.