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Virginia Unemployment Benefit Eligibility Requirements

Eligibility_RequirementsVirginia unemployment insurance program:
The Virginia Employment Commission (VEC) administers the unemployment insurance program that provides temporary financial assistance to individuals who become unemployed through no fault of their own.  Benefits are paid through taxes on employers covered under the Virginia Unemployment Compensation Act.

To receive benefits you must meet each of the following:

Monetary qualification: Based on the wages earned during the regular base period, this determination will indicate the benefit amount you qualify for each week and the number of weeks you may receive benefits.

Separation qualification: If you are separated for any reason other than lack of work, it will be necessary to gather facts from you and your employer concerning your separation. 

Weekly eligibility requirements: To receive a payment for benefits, you must file a weekly request for each week you wish to claim. You must meet the weekly eligibility requirements. read more 

Requirements to receive Virginia unemployment insurance Benefits:

In order to receive benefits, you must meet the following requirements during each week claimed (your meeting these requirements is subject to verification):

  1. Be unemployed.
  2. File your application for benefits.
  3. Meet monetary eligibility requirements.
  4. Report all work (including temporary, part time and self-employment) and money as it is earned.
  5. Be able to work and available for work with no undue restrictions on your availability for work.
  6. Register for work through the VEC Workforce Connection website at
  7. Make an active search for work each week.
  8. Report all refusals of job offers.
  9. File your Weekly Request for Payment of Benefits in a timely manner.
Qualify for Unemployment Insurance Benefits:
In order to qualify for benefits, you must have earned enough wages in covered employment during the base period. The amount of wages you earned will determine your weekly benefit amount and the maximum number of weeks (12 to 26 weeks) to which you will be entitled.
The Base Period:
The base period is the first four of the last five completed calendar quarters prior to the effective date of your claim. The effective date of your claim is the Sunday of the week in which you file your application for benefits. The chart that follows illustrates the base period in relation to the effective date of the claim.

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Unemployment Office Tips:

Tips to help you when visiting your local Unemployment Office:

  • Show Up Early: Your local unemployment office can sometimes be crowded. You must understand that there are a lot of people currently looking for work. So you will find a lot of people filing for benefits.
  • Be prepared to wait: With lots of people at your local unemployment office, if you are late you will have to wait. The best way to avoid the long lines is to get to the office early.
  • Be prepared with your Documents: If you are applying for unemployment benefits be sure to take with you all necessary information such as a job release letter, date of last employment and name of the company.
  • Have a Cool Head: With lots of people at your local unemployment office waiting to be seen it’s easy to get frustrated and loose you cool. Remember that counselors are there to assist you. Keeping a cool head and being courteous will help speed the process along.

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